by Martin E. Meserve
Coil Inductance Calculator
This page contains three inductor calculators. With all of these calculators, the main limitation is that
they be Single-Layer Air-Core inductors.
The first one, Calculator Ⅰ, uses formula published in the ARRL Handbook For
Radio Amateurs, and many others. It's nice because it requires only a few inputs to get
a estimate of the inductor.
The second calculator, Calculator Ⅱ, provides more information,
like Reactance, Q, and
Self Resonant Frequency. Note, however, that
Calculator Ⅱ requires the wire size and plating material. There
is a slight difference in Conductivity,
Permeability, and intended Frequency.
Both calculators come up with inductance estimates that are very close to each other.
The third calculator, Calculator Ⅲ, provides you with a
per-turn estimate of a coil that is pre-wound or one that you intend to wind.
This is a very simple calculator for estimating the inductance of a Single-Layer Air-Core
inductor. The program uses formula published in the ARRL Handbook For Radio Amateurs
and other radio publications.
In the text areas provided, enter the Coil Diameter, Coil Length, and Number Of Turns.
You can use either inches or millimeters and you can mix and match. The estimated Inductance, in uh,
and Coil Turns Spacing will be calculated. Recalculation is automatic. Just click outside the entry area
after changing any input data.
The formula is correct to 1%, provided that L > 0.8 × D/2, i.e. the coil is not too short.
If you need a more accurate reading, or the coil does not meet the Single-Layer Air-Core coil
criteria, use an Inductance Bridge or Grid-Dip Meter to determine the inductance.
This calculator, takes into account the wire size and wire composition. It was addressed
by Serge Stroobandt, ON4AA on
http://hamwaves.com/antennas/inductance.html. Please refer to that site
for detailed information. I only reconfigured it a bit to make it easier to use.
The table below lists some of the results from intermediate calculations and the final output.
Of particular interest
might be the Effective Wire Length. That value would be useful when
you are creating a shortened dipole or a multiband dipole. For a shortened dipole, the
Effective Wire Length indicates the reduction in length, for the
wire past the inductor.
This calculator is for situations when you have a section of pre-wound inductor, or you are
intending to wind an inductor with specific dimensions, and want to know what the inductance
is for each turn. Here, you can specify the Coil Diameter,
Turns Per Inch, and the Wire Diameter
and the output would be a table starting and ending turn number.
An example might be that, you have a 43 Foot Vertical antenna and want to
make it easier to tune on 80 and 160 Meters. For that you would
might need a 11 µH inductor
for 80 Meters, and a 33 µH inductor
for 160 Meters. You have a pre-wound
inductor that is 12" long and 2" in diameter.
It is wound with #10 AWG wire at
8 Turns-Per-Inch. How
many turns of this coil would you need to get 11 µH or